Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild

For those of us with original fuel pumps on our 240 and 260Zs, those pumps are now at least 40 years old. Obviously, if they haven’t yet been replaced, the time of need can’t be far away. In most cases, the obvious answer is to simply replace the pump, either with a new mechanical pump or convert to a modern electric pump.
But the original pumps were designed to be rebuildable. For those of us with restored or original survivor cars, rebuilding the original pump is one way to retain some of the car’s originality. It’s also surprisingly affordable.

This material was created by Arne on the Classic Zcar Club blog titled “Rebuild a 240Z mechanical fuel pump“.  I just added the missing photos.

According to NVZEE: this applies to the “Nikki pump ONLY because of differences in the diaphragm design. Replacement diaphragms fit the Nikki and don’t interchange with the Kyosandenki pump.”  http://www.classiczc…hange/?p=457702

Pump Assembly Diagram

Fuel Pump Parts Diagram

Courtesy of Arne on “Classic Zcar Club Blog

 Parts Needed

1 ea 17053-E3010 Diaphragm – need one – #11  Red in parts diagram
2 ea 17065-21016 Check valves – #7  Blue in parts diagram
2 ea 17099-E3012 Pump to head gaskets – #17  Yellow in parts diagram
2 ea Item Fuel Resistant Oring  Square-cut 3/4″OD, 5/8″ID, 1/16″ thick – #8[WoodWorkerB: See section on Cork Washer Thickness, below]

You’ll want to have a couple of fuel resistant o-rings on hand to replace the seals shown as #8 above. Those seals were NLA, but my little o-ring selection had an appropriate replacement in it. But bear this in mind if you need to depend on getting this done in one operation – the old seals appear to have been cork, and will not be reusable. The new ones I used were square-cut, 3/4″ O.D., 5/8″ I.D., 1/16″ thick. They worked perfectly.

As for the process, it’s fairly simple. Remove the pump from the cylinder head. Then separate the upper and lower body halves (6 screws at the diaphragm seal).

Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild - Fuel Pump Opened

Fuel Pump with top portion removed exposing the diaphragm

Once separated, remove the diaphragm from the lower body.

Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild - Diaphragm Underside

Underside of the diaphragm. Here is what you’re up against down where you can’t see.

You will need to depress the center of the diaphragm down (against the spring pressure) and then out (away from the cylinder head side) to disconnect it from the cam follower in the lower body half. Once disconnected, remove it carefully so as not to damage the shaft seal (under the spring, not shown above).

Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild - Removing the Diaphragm Assembly

Removing the Diaphragm Assembly

Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild - Damaged Shaft Seal

In case you are wondering, here is what a damaged shaft seal looks like. Don’t push too hard sideways on the diaphragm!

The replacement diaphragm has a pair of flats on the end of the shaft to ease the installation. Insert it with the flats oriented to the front and rear, push down against the spring while holding the cam follower in the extended position, then turn the diaphragm 90 degrees to engage the shaft into the cam follower.

The valves are both in the upper body. Note that one is face up, the other face down. Make note of which is which, because if you get them wrong, the pump will not work. Remove the retaining plate (#9) after removing the two small screws that clamp it down. Using a pair of needle-nose pliers, remove the valves. (I did mine one at a time to make certain not to mix them up.) Most likely part of the cork seal will come with the valve and the rest will remain in the seat. Carefully (don’t damage the housing) remove all of the cork remains. Try not to let any fall into the upper cavity. If it gets in there, you’ll want to get it back out to keep it from either clogging the pump valve or being pumped into one of the carbs, depending on which side it fell into. If necessary, remove the top cap (5 screws) to get into the cavity, being careful not to damage the rubber gasket under the top cap.

[comment from blue 72] I only have one thing to add. Don’t install the upper half of the pump backward, or else the pump will move fuel in the wrong direction and leave you scratching your head as to why your float bowls ran dry. I wonder how I know that?

Datsun 240Z Mechanical Fuel Pump Rebuild - Orientation Port

Orientation of the top cap on the base and of the two valves, both arrows referencing the location of a port (most likely used for part of the manufacturing process)

Datsun 240z mechanical fuel pump - Fuel Valves

Valves, top, bottom and diameter

Cork Washer Thickness

Fuel Pump Check Valve Gasket under microscope

Fuel Pump Check Valve Gasket under microscope

WoodWorkerB:  I was going to cut my own cork washer, and I secured a sheet of 1/16″ material. When I got down to business, 1/16″ seemed very thick.  As I am prone to overthink things, I pulled down my inspection microscope.

The red arrows are 1/32 inch.  The yellow arrow points to the gasket.  You can see it is quite compressed, but even at it’s thickest, it is still not quite a 32nd of an inch.

Reassembly

Install the new o-ring seals, then the valves. Re-install the retainer and screws. Test the correct valve placement by gently blowing into the inlet pipe, and then attempt to suck back on the inlet. If you got the valve correct, you should not be able to suck back on it, but blowing through should be easy. The outlet pipe should be the opposite.

To re-combine the two body halves, first make certain that the screw holes in the diaphragm are pretty much lined up with the holes in the lower body. Operate the camfollower arm to pull the diaphragm down flush, then set the upper body in place and secure it with one of the screws. (A third hand can be handy here. Another option would be to re-install the lower body back on the cylinder head and turning the engine by hand until the diaphragm is pulled down.) Continue with the other 5 screws, don’t over-tighten them. Once assembled, operate the cam follower arm a few times, you should be able to hear it pumping air.

Clean both sides of the pump spacer (#16) before installing the new gaskets (#17). Bolt it back to the cylinder head, attach the fuel lines and you are done.

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